Papers filed in New York and revealed by the Torrent Freak news site said four defendants were involved.
The firm’s lawyer said that he believed this would be the first trial of its kind based on the use of Bittorrent.
The peer-to-peer communications protocol allows users to upload and download files to each others’ computers.
Wiley had previously filed 15 lawsuits to obtain the identities of about 200 people believed to have infringed the copyright of its titles.
Read more: BBC News